Official State List

517 species (December 2023)

Species in boldface are MARC review species  and all reports should be submitted to the MARC.

Species taxonomy and scientific names follow AOU (1998) and supplements through 2021.

(E) Extinct
(e) Extirpated
(I) Introduced

Common name Status Scientific name
Black-bellied Whistling-Duck Dendrocygna autumnalis
Fulvous Whistling-Duck Dendrocygna bicolor
Snow Goose Anser caerulescens
Ross's Goose Anser rossii
Greater White-fronted Goose Anser albifrons
Pink-footed Goose Anser brachyrhynchus
Brant Branta bernicla
Barnacle Goose Branta leucopsis
Cackling Goose Branta hutchinsii
Canada Goose Branta canadensis
Mute Swan I Cygnus olor
Trumpeter Swan I Cygnus buccinator
Tundra Swan Cygnus columbianus
Common Shelduck Tadorna tadorna
Wood Duck Aix sponsa
Garganey Spatula querquedula
Blue-winged Teal Spatula discors
Cinnamon Teal Spatula cyanoptera
Northern Shoveler Spatula clypeata
Gadwall Mareca strepera
Eurasian Wigeon Mareca penelope
American Wigeon Mareca americana
Mallard Anas platyrhynchos
American Black Duck Anas rubripes
Northern Pintail Anas acuta
Green-winged Teal Anas crecca
Canvasback Aythya valisineria
Redhead Aythya americana
Ring-necked Duck Aythya collaris
Tufted Duck Aythya fuligula
Greater Scaup Aythya marila
Lesser Scaup Aythya affinis
Steller’s Eider Polysticta stelleri
Labrador Duck E Camptorhynchus labradorius
King Eider Somateria spectabilis
Common Eider Somateria mollissima
Harlequin Duck Histrionicus histrionicus
Surf Scoter Melanitta perspicillata
White-winged Scoter Melanitta deglandi
Black Scoter Melanitta americana
Long-tailed Duck Clangula hyemalis
Bufflehead Bucephala albeola
Common Goldeneye Bucephala clangula
Barrow's Goldeneye Bucephala islandica
Hooded Merganser Lophodytes cucullatus
Common Merganser Mergus merganser
Red-breasted Merganser Mergus serrator
Masked Duck Nomonyx dominicus
Ruddy Duck Oxyura jamaicensis
Northern Bobwhite Colinus virginianus
Wild Turkey Meleagris gallopavo
Ruffed Grouse Bonasa umbellus
Greater Prairie-Chicken (Heath Hen) e Tympanuchus cupido cupido
Willow Ptarmigan Lagopus lagopus
Ring-necked Pheasant I Phasianus colchicus
Pied-billed Grebe Podilymbus podiceps
Horned Grebe Podiceps auritus
Red-necked Grebe Podiceps grisegena
Eared Grebe Podiceps nigricollis
Western Grebe Aechmophorus occidentalis
Rock Pigeon I Columba livia
Band-tailed Pigeon Patagioenas fasciata
Passenger Pigeon E Ectopistes migratorius
European Turtle-Dove Streptopelia turtur
Eurasian Collared-Dove I Streptopelia decaocto
Common Ground Dove Columbina passerina
White-winged Dove Zenaida asiatica
Mourning Dove Zenaida macroura
Yellow-billed Cuckoo Coccyzus americanus
Black-billed Cuckoo Coccyzus erythropthalmus
Common Cuckoo Cuculus canorus
Common Nighthawk Chordeiles minor
Chuck-will's-widow Antrostromus carolinensis
Eastern Whip-poor-will Antrostromus vociferus
Chimney Swift Chaetura pelagica
Apus sp. Apus sp.
Ruby-throated Hummingbird Archilochus colubris
Black-chinned Hummingbird Archilochus alexandri
Calliope Hummingbird Selasphorus calliope
Rufous Hummingbird Selasphorus rufus
Allen's Hummingbird Selasphorus sasin
Broad-billed Hummingbird Cynanthus latirostris
King Rail Rallus elegans
Clapper Rail Rallus crepitans
Virginia Rail Rallus limicola
Sora Porzana carolina
Common Gallinule Gallinula galeata
American Coot Fulica americana
Purple Gallinule Porphyrio martinicus
Yellow Rail Coturnicops noveboracensis
Black Rail Laterallus jamaicensis
Sandhill Crane Antigone canadensis
Black-necked Stilt Himantopus mexicanus
American Avocet Recurvirostra americana
American Oystercatcher Haematopus palliatus
Black-bellied Plover Pluvialis squatarola
European Golden-Plover Pluvialis apricaria
American Golden-Plover Pluvialis dominica
Pacific Golden-Plover Pluvialis fulva
Killdeer Charadrius vociferus
Common Ringed Plover Charadrius hiaticula
Semipalmated Plover Charadrius semipalmatus
Piping Plover Charadrius melodus
Northern Lapwing Vanellus vanellus
Siberian Sand-Plover Anarhynchus mongolus
Wilson's Plover Anarhynchus wilsonia
Mountain Plover Anarhynchus montanus
Snowy Plover Anarhynchus nivosus
Upland Sandpiper Bartramia longicauda
Whimbrel Numenius phaeopus
Eskimo Curlew Numenius borealis
Long-billed Curlew Numenius americanus
Eurasian Curlew Numenius arquata
Bar-tailed Godwit Limosa lapponica
Black-tailed Godwit Limosa limosa
Hudsonian Godwit Limosa haemastica
Marbled Godwit Limosa fedoa
Short-billed Dowitcher Limnodromus griseus
Long-billed Dowitcher Limnodromus scolopaceus
American Woodcock Scolopax minor
Wilson's Snipe Gallinago delicata
Wilson's Phalarope Phalaropus tricolor
Red Phalarope Phalaropus fulicarius
Red-necked Phalarope Phalaropus lobatus
Terek Sandpiper Xenus cinereus
Spotted Sandpiper Actitis macularius
Solitary Sandpiper Tringa solitaria
Gray-tailed Tattler Tringa brevipes
Wandering Tattler Tringa incana
Common Redshank Tringa totanus
Lesser Yellowlegs Tringa flavipes
Willet Tringa semipalmata
Spotted Redshank Tringa erythropus
Common Greenshank Tringa nebularia
Greater Yellowlegs Tringa melanoleuca
Ruddy Turnstone Arenaria interpres
Red Knot Calidris canutus
Ruff Calidris pugnax
Broad-billed Sandpiper Calidris falcinellus
Sharp-tailed Sandpiper Calidris acuminata
Curlew Sandpiper Calidris ferruginea
Stilt Sandpiper Calidris himantopus
Red-necked Stint Calidris ruficollis
Buff-breasted Sandpiper Calidris subruficollis
Sanderling Calidris alba
Dunlin Calidris alpina
Purple Sandpiper Calidris maritima
Baird's Sandpiper Calidris bairdii
Little Stint Calidris minuta
White-rumped Sandpiper Calidris fuscicollis
Least Sandpiper Calidris minutilla
Pectoral Sandpiper Calidris melanotos
Western Sandpiper Calidris mauri
Semipalmated Sandpiper Calidris pusilla
Long-tailed Jaeger Stercorarius longicaudus
Parasitic Jaeger Stercorarius parasiticus
Pomarine Jaeger Stercorarius pomarinus
Great Skua Stercorarius skua
South Polar Skua Stercorarius maccormicki
Atlantic Puffin Fratercula arctica
Long-billed Murrelet Brachyramphus perdix
Black Guillemot Cepphus grylle
Razorbill Alca torda
Great Auk E Pinguinus impennis
Dovekie Alle alle
Thick-billed Murre Uria lomvia
Common Murre Uria aalge
Ancient Murrelet Synthliboramphus antiquus
Little Gull Hydrocoloeus minutus
Ross's Gull Rhodostethia rosea
Black-legged Kittiwake Rissa tridactyla
Ivory Gull Pagophila eburnea
Sabine's Gull Xema sabini
Bonaparte's Gull Chroicocephalus philadelphia
Black-headed Gull Chroicocephalus ridibundus
Laughing Gull Leucophaeus atricilla
Franklin's Gull Leucophaeus pipixcan
Black-tailed Gull Larus crassirostris
Heermann's Gull Larus heermanni
Common Gull Larus canus
Short-billed Gull Larus brachyrhynchus
Ring-billed Gull Larus delawarensis
Herring Gull Larus argentatus
Great Black-backed Gull Larus marinus
Glaucous Gull Larus hyperboreus
Lesser Black-backed Gull Larus fuscus
California Gull Larus californicus
Slaty-backed Gull Larus schistisagus
Iceland Gull Larus glaucoides
Black Skimmer Rynchops niger
Brown Noddy Anous stolidus
Sooty Tern Onychoprion fuscatus
Bridled Tern Onychoprion anaethetus
Least Tern Sternula antillarum
Gull-billed Tern Gelochelidon nilotica
Caspian Tern Hydroprogne caspia
Black Tern Chlidonias niger
White-winged Tern Chlidonias leucopterus
Forster's Tern Sterna forsteri
Arctic Tern Sterna paradisaea
Common Tern Sterna hirundo
Roseate Tern Sterna dougallii
Sandwich Tern Thalasseus sandvicensis
Elegant Tern Thalasseus elegans
Royal Tern Thalasseus maximus
White-tailed Tropicbird Phaethon lepturus
Red-billed Tropicbird Phaethon aethereus
Red-throated Loon Gavia stellata
Pacific Loon Gavia pacifica
Common Loon Gavia immer
Yellow-billed Loon Gavia adamsii
Atlantic Yellow-nosed Albatross Thalassarche chlororhynchos
Black-browed Albatross Thalassarche melanophris
Wilson's Storm-Petrel Oceanites oceanicus
White-faced Storm-Petrel Pelagodroma marina
Leach's Storm-Petrel Hydrobates leucorhous
Band-rumped Storm-Petrel Hydrobates castro
Northern Fulmar Fulmarus glacialis
Trindade Petrel Pterodroma arminjoniana
Fea's Petrel Pterodroma feae
Bermuda Petrel Pterodroma cahow
Black-capped Petrel Pterodroma hasitata
Cory's Shearwater Calonectris diomedea
Cape Verde Shearwater Calonectris edwardsii
Great Shearwater Ardenna gravis
Sooty Shearwater Ardenna griseus
Short-tailed Shearwater Ardenna tenuirostris
Manx Shearwater Puffinus puffinus
Barolo Shearwater Puffinus baroli
Audubon's Shearwater Puffinus lherminieri
Wood Stork Mycteria americana
Magnificent Frigatebird Fregata magnificens
Northern Gannet Morus bassanus
Red-footed Booby Sula sula
Brown Booby Sula leucogaster
Masked Booby Sula dactylatra
Anhinga Anhinga anhinga
Great Cormorant Phalacrocorax carbo
Double-crested Cormorant Nannopterum auritum
American White Pelican Pelecanus erythrorhynchos
Brown Pelican Pelecanus occidentalis
American Bittern Botaurus lentiginosus
Least Bittern Ixobrychus exilis
Yellow-crowned Night-Heron Nyctanassa violacea
Black-crowned Night-Heron Nycticorax nycticorax
Little Blue Heron Egretta caerulea
Tricolored Heron Egretta tricolor
Reddish Egret Egretta rufescens
Snowy Egret Egretta thula
Little Egret Egretta garzetta
Western Reef-Heron Egretta gularis
Green Heron Butorides virescens
Western Cattle Egret Bubulcus ibis
Great Egret Ardea alba
Gray Heron Ardea cinerea
Great Blue Heron Ardea herodias
White Ibis Eudocimus albus
Glossy Ibis Plegadis falcinellus
White-faced Ibis Plegadis chihi
Roseate Spoonbill Platalea ajaja
Black Vulture Coragyps atratus
Turkey Vulture Cathartes aura
Osprey Pandion haliaetus
White-tailed Kite Elanus leucurus
Swallow-tailed Kite Elanoides forficatus
Golden Eagle Aquila chrysaetos
Mississippi Kite Ictinia mississippiensis
Northern Harrier Circus cyaneus
Sharp-shinned Hawk Accipiter striatus
Cooper's Hawk Accipiter cooperii
American Goshawk Accipiter atricapillus
Steller's Sea-Eagle Haliaeetus pelagicus
Bald Eagle Haliaeetus leucocephalus
Red-shouldered Hawk Buteo lineatus
Broad-winged Hawk Buteo platypterus
Swainson's Hawk Buteo swainsoni
Zone-tailed Hawk Buteo albonotatus
Red-tailed Hawk Buteo jamaicensis
Rough-legged Hawk Buteo lagopus
Barn Owl Tyto alba
Eastern Screech-Owl Megascops asio
Snowy Owl Bubo scandiacus
Great Horned Owl Bubo virginianus
Northern Hawk Owl Surnia ulula
Burrowing Owl Athene cunicularia
Barred Owl Strix varia
Great Gray Owl Strix nebulosa
Long-eared Owl Asio otus
Short-eared Owl Asio flammeus
Boreal Owl Aegolius funereus
Northern Saw-whet Owl Aegolius acadicus
Belted Kingfisher Megaceryle alcyon
Yellow-bellied Sapsucker Sphyrapicus varius
Lewis's Woodpecker Melanerpes lewis
Red-headed Woodpecker Melanerpes erythrocephalus
Red-bellied Woodpecker Melanerpes carolinus
American Three-toed Woodpecker Picoides dorsalis
Black-backed Woodpecker Picoides arcticus
Downy Woodpecker Picoides pubescens
Hairy Woodpecker Picoides villosus
Pileated Woodpecker Dryocopus pileatus
Northern Flicker Colaptes auratus
Crested Caracara Caracara plancus
Eurasian Kestrel Falco tinnunculus
American Kestrel Falco sparverius
Red-footed Falcon Falco vespertinus
Merlin Falco columbarius
Eurasian Hobby Falco subbuteo
Gyrfalcon Falco rusticolus
Peregrine Falcon Falco peregrinus
Olive-sided Flycatcher Contopus cooperi
Eastern Wood-Pewee Contopus virens
Yellow-bellied Flycatcher Empidonax flaviventris
Acadian Flycatcher Empidonax virescens
Alder Flycatcher Empidonax alnorum
Willow Flycatcher Empidonax traillii
Least Flycatcher Empidonax minimus
Hammond's Flycatcher Empidonax hammondii
Gray Flycatcher Empidonax wrightii
Western Flycatcher Empidonax difficilis
Eastern Phoebe Sayornis phoebe
Say's Phoebe Sayornis saya
Vermilion Flycatcher Pyrocephalus rubinus
Ash-throated Flycatcher Myiarchus cinerascens
Great Crested Flycatcher Myiarchus crinitus
Streaked/Sulphur-bellied Flycatcher Myiodynastes maculatus/luteiventris
Tropical Kingbird Tyrannus melancholicus
Couch's Kingbird Tyrannus couchii
Cassin's Kingbird Tyrannus vociferans
Western Kingbird Tyrannus verticalis
Eastern Kingbird Tyrannus tyrannus
Gray Kingbird Tyrannus dominicensis
Scissor-tailed Flycatcher Tyrannus forficatus
Fork-tailed Flycatcher Tyrannus savana
White-eyed Vireo Vireo griseus
Bell's Vireo Vireo bellii
Yellow-throated Vireo Vireo flavifrons
Blue-headed Vireo Vireo solitarius
Philadelphia Vireo Vireo philadelphicus
Warbling Vireo Vireo gilvus
Red-eyed Vireo Vireo olivaceus
Yellow-green Vireo Vireo flavoviridis
Black-whiskered Vireo Vireo altiloquus
Loggerhead Shrike Lanius ludovicianus
Northern Shrike Lanius borealis
Canada Jay Perisoreus canadensis
Blue Jay Cyanocitta cristata
Eurasian Jackdaw Corvus monedula
American Crow Corvus brachyrhynchos
Fish Crow Corvus ossifragus
Common Raven Corvus corax
Black-capped Chickadee Poecile atricapillus
Boreal Chickadee Poecile hudsonicus
Tufted Titmouse Baeolophus bicolor
Horned Lark Eremophila alpestris
Bank Swallow Riparia riparia
Tree Swallow Tachycineta bicolor
Violet-green Swallow Tachycineta thalassina
Purple Martin Progne subis
Brown-chested Martin Progne tapera
Northern Rough-winged Swallow Stelgidopteryx serripennis
Barn Swallow Hirundo rustica
Cliff Swallow Petrochelidon pyrrhonota
Cave Swallow Petrochelidon fulva
Ruby-crowned Kinglet Regulus calendula
Golden-crowned Kinglet Regulus satrapa
White-breasted Nuthatch Sitta carolinensis
Red-breasted Nuthatch Sitta canadensis
Brown Creeper Certhia americana
Blue-gray Gnatcatcher Polioptila caerulea
Rock Wren Salpinctes obsoletus
House Wren Troglodytes aedon
Winter Wren Troglodytes hiemalis
Sedge Wren Cistothorus stellaris
Marsh Wren Cistothorus palustris
Carolina Wren Thryothorus ludovicianus
Bewick's Wren Thryomanes bewickii
European Starling I Sturnus vulgaris
Gray Catbird Dumetella carolinensis
Brown Thrasher Toxostoma rufum
Sage Thrasher Oreoscoptes montanus
Northern Mockingbird Mimus polyglottos
Eastern Bluebird Sialia sialis
Mountain Bluebird Sialia currucoides
Townsend's Solitaire Myadestes townsendi
Varied Thrush Ixoreus naevius
Veery Catharus fuscescens
Gray-cheeked Thrush Catharus minimus
Bicknell's Thrush Catharus bicknelli
Swainson's Thrush Catharus ustulatus
Hermit Thrush Catharus guttatus
Wood Thrush Hylocichla mustelina
American Robin Turdus migratorius
Fieldfare Turdus pilaris
Northern Wheatear Oenanthe oenanthe
Bohemian Waxwing Bombycilla garrulus
Cedar Waxwing Bombycilla cedrorum
Phainopepla Phainopepla nitens
House Sparrow I Passer domesticus
American Pipit Anthus rubescens
Sprague's Pipit Anthus spragueii
Common Chaffinch Fringilla coelebs
Brambling Fringilla montifringilla
Evening Grosbeak Coccothraustes vespertinus
Pine Grosbeak Pinicola enucleator
House Finch Haemarhous mexicanus
Purple Finch Haemarhous purpureus
Common Redpoll Acanthis flammea
Hoary Redpoll Acanthis hornemanni
Red Crossbill Loxia curvirostra
White-winged Crossbill Loxia leucoptera
Pine Siskin Spinus pinus
American Goldfinch Spinus tristis
Lapland Longspur Calcarius lapponicus
Chestnut-collared Longspur Calcarius ornatus
Smith's Longspur Calcarius pictus
Thick-billed Longspur Rhynchophanes mccownii
Snow Bunting Plectrophenax nivalis
Cassin's Sparrow Peucaea cassinii
Grasshopper Sparrow Ammodramus savannarum
Chipping Sparrow Spizella passerina
Clay-colored Sparrow Spizella pallida
Field Sparrow Spizella pusilla
Brewer's Sparrow Spizella breweri
Black-throated Sparrow Amphispiza bilineata
Lark Sparrow Chondestes grammacus
Lark Bunting Calamospiza melanocorys
American Tree Sparrow Spizelloides arborea
Fox Sparrow Passerella iliaca
Dark-eyed Junco Junco hyemalis
White-crowned Sparrow Zonotrichia leucophrys
Golden-crowned Sparrow Zonotrichia atricapilla
Harris's Sparrow Zonotrichia querula
White-throated Sparrow Zonotrichia albicollis
Vesper Sparrow Pooecetes gramineus
LeConte's Sparrow Ammodramus leconteii
Seaside Sparrow Ammodramus maritima
Nelson's Sparrow Ammodramus nelsoni
Saltmarsh Sparrow Ammodramus caudacutus
Savannah Sparrow Passerculus sandwichensis
Henslow's Sparrow Ammodramus henslowii
Song Sparrow Melospiza melodia
Lincoln's Sparrow Melospiza lincolnii
Swamp Sparrow Melospiza georgiana
Green-tailed Towhee Pipilo chlorurus
Spotted Towhee Pipilo maculatus
Eastern Towhee Pipilo erythrophthalmus
Yellow-breasted Chat Icteria virens
Yellow-headed Blackbird Xanthocephalus xanthocephalus
Bobolink Dolichonyx oryzivorus
Western Meadowlark Sturnella neglecta
Eastern Meadowlark Sturnella magna
Orchard Oriole Icterus spurius
Bullock's Oriole Icterus bullockii
Baltimore Oriole Icterus galbula
Red-winged Blackbird Agelaius phoeniceus
Shiny Cowbird Molothrus bonariensis
Brown-headed Cowbird Molothrus ater
Rusty Blackbird Euphagus carolinus
Brewer's Blackbird Euphagus cyanocephalus
Common Grackle Quiscalus quiscula
Great-tailed Grackle Quiscalus mexicanus
Ovenbird Seiurus aurocapilla
Worm-eating Warbler Helmitheros vermivorum
Louisiana Waterthrush Parkesia motacilla
Northern Waterthrush Parkesia noveboracensis
Golden-winged Warbler Vermivora chrysoptera
Blue-winged Warbler Vermivora cyanoptera
Black-and-white Warbler Mniotilta varia
Prothonotary Warbler Protonotaria citrea
Swainson's Warbler Limnothlypis swainsonii
Tennessee Warbler Oreothlypis peregrina
Orange-crowned Warbler Oreothlypis celata
Lucy's Warbler Oreothlypis luciae
Nashville Warbler Oreothlypis ruficapilla
Virginia's Warbler Leiothlypis virginiae
Connecticut Warbler Oporornis agilis
MacGillivray's Warbler Geothlypis tolmiei
Mourning Warbler Geothlypis philadelphia
Kentucky Warbler Geothlypis formosa
Common Yellowthroat Geothlypis trichas
Hooded Warbler Setophaga citrina
American Redstart Setophaga ruticilla
Kirtland's Warbler Setophaga kirtlandii
Cape May Warbler Setophaga tigrina
Cerulean Warbler Setophaga cerulea
Northern Parula Setophaga americana
Magnolia Warbler Setophaga magnolia
Bay-breasted Warbler Setophaga castanea
Blackburnian Warbler Setophaga fusca
Yellow Warbler Setophaga petechia
Chestnut-sided Warbler Setophaga pensylvanica
Blackpoll Warbler Setophaga striata
Black-throated Blue Warbler Setophaga caerulescens
Palm Warbler Setophaga palmarum
Pine Warbler Setophaga pinus
Yellow-rumped Warbler Setophaga coronata
Yellow-throated Warbler Setophaga dominica
Prairie Warbler Setophaga discolor
Black-throated Gray Warbler Setophaga nigrescens
Townsend's Warbler Setophaga townsendi
Hermit Warbler Setophaga occidentalis
Black-throated Green Warbler Setophaga virens
Canada Warbler Cardellina canadensis
Wilson's Warbler Cardellina pusilla
Painted Redstart Myioborus pictus
Summer Tanager Piranga rubra
Scarlet Tanager Piranga olivacea
Western Tanager Piranga ludoviciana
Northern Cardinal Cardinalis cardinalis
Rose-breasted Grosbeak Pheucticus ludovicianus
Black-headed Grosbeak Pheucticus melanocephalus
Blue Grosbeak Passerina caerulea
Lazuli Bunting Passerina amoena
Indigo Bunting Passerina cyanea
Painted Bunting Passerina ciris
Dickcissel Spiza americana

The MARC believes that wild individuals of these species may have occurred in the state. However, a captive origin cannot be discounted: